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丹增多杰:我对西藏保持希望的五点理由(有图)

2012年11月26日

自由西藏学生运动(Students for a Free Tibet,SFT)执行主席丹增多杰(Tenzin Dorjee)10月31日发表在《哈芬顿邮报》(huffingtonpost.com)上的文章,题目是《对西藏保持希望的五点理由》(5 Reasons to be Hopeful for Tibet)

上个星期,丹增多杰在秘鲁参加一个国际民主论坛,各国与会者问及中共新领导人是否会为西藏带来变化?习近平是否会以与胡锦涛不同的方式治藏?

丹增多杰的回答是:“独裁者不会带来变化。只有人民逼迫着独裁者走向变化。”

从这个意义上说,西藏早已发生了变化。只是在现在,中国不断升级的镇压使西藏掀起了一波波的自焚浪潮,这个变化难以被说清楚。 在刚刚过去的一个星期,有七名藏人为抗议中共点火自焚。在过去的十二个月里,有六十多名藏人为自由自焚。

在这波自焚悲剧中,我们必须透过新闻头条去倾听不合作者那令人难以置信又振奋不已的故事,这些故事还透露出文化复兴、使西藏保持活力的创造性抵抗等因素,它们都不可逆转地改变了西藏。

在西藏抵抗运动的巨大空间中,中国已经失去了西藏。中国对西藏的控制是纯军事性的,其过度的军事化使其显得穷兵黩武。

西藏历史正翻开艰难的一页,要记住有很多理由使我们对西藏保持希望,这一点非常重要。

如下是丹增多杰对西藏保持希望的五点理由:

一。自由是会传染开来的

二。西藏的不合作运动

三。文化上不合作的白色星期三运动(Lhakar)

四。互联网-信息传播-自由

五。独裁政权的老朽和死亡

以上仅是本人对该文的简要翻译,全文附录如下:

2012年11月1日 星期四丹增多杰:我对西藏保持希望的五点理由

自由西藏学生运动(Students for a Free Tibet,SFT)执行主席丹增多杰(Tenzin Dorjee)10月31日发表在《哈芬顿邮报》(huffingtonpost.com)上的文章,题目是《对西藏保持希望的五点理由》(5 Reasons to be Hopeful for Tibet)

上个星期,丹增多杰在秘鲁参加一个国际民主论坛,各国与会者问及中共新领导人是否会为西藏带来变化?习近平是否会以与胡锦涛不同的方式治藏?

丹增多杰的回答是:“独裁者不会带来变化。只有人民逼迫着独裁者走向变化。”

从这个意义上说,西藏早已发生了变化。只是在现在,中国不断升级的镇压使西藏掀起了一波波的自焚浪潮,这个变化难以被说清楚。 在刚刚过去的一个星期,有七名藏人为抗议中共点火自焚。在过去的十二个月里,有六十多名藏人为自由自焚。

在这波自焚悲剧中,我们必须透过新闻头条去倾听不合作者那令人难以置信又振奋不已的故事,这些故事还透露出文化复兴、使西藏保持活力的创造性抵抗等因素,它们都不可逆转地改变了西藏。

在西藏抵抗运动的巨大空间中,中国已经失去了西藏。中国对西藏的控制是纯军事性的,其过度的军事化使其显得穷兵黩武。

西藏历史正翻开艰难的一页,要记住有很多理由使我们对西藏保持希望,这一点非常重要。

如下是丹增多杰对西藏保持希望的五点理由:

一。自由是会传染开来的

二。西藏的不合作运动

三。文化上不合作的白色星期三运动(Lhakar)

四。互联网-信息传播-自由

五。独裁政权的老朽和死亡

以上仅是本人对该文的简要翻译,全文附录如下:

5 Reasons to be Hopeful for Tibet

Last week, while attending a democracy conference in Peru, I met dozens of activists, journalists, parliamentarians, and political prisoners from various corners of the world. Almost everyone I spoke with wanted to know one thing about Tibet. Will the upcoming Chinese leadership transition bring change to Tibet? Will Xi Jinping change Tibet in a way Hu Jintao didn’t?

“Dictators don’t bring change,” I reminded them. “It’s the people who make change by forcing the hands of the dictators.”

In this sense, Tibet has already changed. At the moment, this change may be hard to notice, as Tibet reels under a wave of self-immolations exacerbated by China’s escalating repression. Just this past week seven Tibetans set themselves on fire to protest Chinese rule. In the last 12 months, roughly 60 Tibetans have burned themselves for freedom – this means every six days, a Tibetan goes up in flames.
Tragic as this wave of self-immolations is, one must look beyond the headlines to hear the incredibly uplifting stories of noncooperation, cultural renaissance, and creative resistance that have transformed Tibetan activism – and changed Tibet irreversibly. In the bigger arc of Tibetan resistance, China has already lost Tibet; its control over Tibet remains purely military in nature, which has become vastly overextended.

Amid this difficult chapter in Tibetan history, it is important to remember that there are many reasons to be hopeful about Tibet’s future. Below are just five of them.

REASON 1: Freedom is contagious. From Burma to Tunisia to Yemen to Egypt, democratic forces are winning. Of course the transition from dictatorship to democracy – and from occupation to freedom – has its challenges, but these are challenges Tibetans are eager to embrace. As freedom around the world expands, the brotherhood of dictatorships is increasingly isolated. This net growth in freedom and democracy worldwide will impact Tibet, China, and other leftover police states at every level – psychological, social, cultural and political. China leads the unfree world but this world is shrinking, leading to an erosion of the Chinese Communist Party’s domestic control and global legitimacy.

REASON 2: Noncooperation in Tibet. Tibetan activists, who have traditionally relied on high-risk protest tactics, are now adding to their arsenal the more low-key but potent tools of noncooperation and direct intervention: they’re boycotting Chinese businesses and institutions. In Kardze and Ngaba, Tibetans avoid Chinese restaurants, choosing to support to Tibetan restaurants – a Gandhian example of economic noncooperation. In Khawa Karpo eastern Tibet, tired of protesting Chinese mining companies, Tibetan villagers pushed $300,000 worth of mining equipment into the river – a model of direct intervention. Among all the nonviolent tactics, noncooperation and direct intervention have the best track record of dismantling the pillars of oppression.

REASON 3: Lhakar weaponizes culture. Lhakar, a homegrown grassroots movement using culture to advance freedom, is shifting power away from the Chinese occupiers and into the hands of every Tibetan. Lhakar has reversed five decades of China’s campaign to sinicize Tibetan culture. Tibetans are proudly wearing their traditional dress, speaking and texting in Tibetan, and using art, literature, poetry and music to express their desire for freedom and faith in the Dalai Lama. Songs, books and music videos with politically charged lyrics routinely become best-sellers in Tibet, signaling a modern Tibetan renaissance. In many anti-colonial struggles, successful political revolutions were preceded by cultural renaissance, which is now in full swing in Tibet. Lhakar makes it easier – and less costly – for everyone to participate in activism, thus increasing the long-term costs to the Chinese government. China’s hold over the unruly Tibetan plateau has never been weaker, and Tibetan resistance has never been stronger.

REASON 4: Internet = information = freedom. The Chinese government’s hold on Tibet, as well as China, depends on its totalitarian control over information and ability to keep its masses ignorant. Today this control is fragile, thanks to the Internet. The Chinese government faces a much more formidable foe in its own people than it did a decade ago, because of the speed at which information now travels. Beijing’s censorship apparatus is routinely defeated by the ingenuity of Chinese and Tibetan netizens searching for the truth and refusing to be firewalled.

REASON 5: Dictatorships also age and die. Totalitarianism is a dead end. The CCP has been able to survive until now by tweaking its system, but tweaks are no longer enough to save it from growing public unrest, looming environmental devastation, endemic corruption and a slowing economy. According to China scholar Minxin Pei, one-party dictatorships have inherent flaws in their foundation that limit their existence beyond several decades, even in the case of the most enduring regimes. The Soviet Union crumbled in its 74th year, the Mexican regime in its 71st year, the Kuomintang in its 73rd year. The CCP is 63 years old and, Pei argues, has little more than 10 years left on its clock – if it’s lucky enough to survive that long.

Now is not the time to despair. It is the time to take action and tip the scales of history toward freedom in Tibet. A free Tibet, aside from protecting Asia’s water tower and providing a buffer between the world’s two most populous (and nuclear) nations, will enshrine nonviolence as the supreme weapon for resolving conflict and fighting oppression.

(西方已被和谐,翻墙搜寻而成,编者按)

万毅忠的博客
http://wanyizhong.blogspot.de/2012/11/blog-post_1.html

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